Settlement names in -rød – University of Copenhagen

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Names in Denmark > Place-names > Common place-name types > Names in -rød

 

Settlement names ending in ‑rød

Some of the settlement names formed in the Viking Age and in the Middle Ages end in words that tell us that the settlement is situated in a clearing. This includes, mainly, place names ending in ‑rød and ‑tved.

The ending ‑rød is related to the verb rydde 'to clear.' The Old Danish form of the word is ruth, and this has developed into rød on Sealand where this name type is widely occuring, cf. names as Hillerød and Birkerød. The common occurence on Sealand, especially in North Sealand, has caused the ending ‑rød to be regarded as the normal form of this ending. Nevertheless, it is a special dialectal development. In other areas of the country, the actual normal form is ‑rud or ‑rod, e.g. Morud and Eskerod, but the rød-form has spread into many parts of the country that actually are not included in the area where the dialectal rød-form belongs.

Some of the rød-names are formed with personal names; this includes personal names that were common in the Viking Age and in the Middle Ages, just as we have seen with the torp- and bøl(le)-names. There are, however, no rød-names in the former Viking colonies, and, therefore, this name type must be dated to the very last part of the Viking Age and the Middle Ages.